LION AND RAILED SWASTIKA COINS

LION AND SWASTIKA

Set Inscribed Lion and railed Swastika Coins

The Lion and Railed Swastika pieces are only found in Sri Lanka. The distribution is from the North in Jaffna , Anuradhapura in the centre and in Ruhuna in the South of the Island.They were found in the east coast at Kulmunai too.

Found in strata during excavation and dated ti 190-`90 BC at Vijeyaba palace area and 3 found at Tissamaharama by German Excavation team dated to pre – BC period.

The  minor  symbols [ click for details of marks on obverse] ] flanking the the lion on the obverse and the symbols around the Railed swastika on the reverse ,are same as on all coins of this Series. These were found and recorded   in archeological excavations at Anuradhapura and in Tissamahrama. They have been found in the same pit at various levels, . There is no coin of India or any where else in the world  that matches these symbols exactly. The placement of these symbols namely the Caitiya, the Standard , The Triratna , the Three Dots  etc has no parallel any where else in the world except those coins of this series. A summery of the symbols which are worm off due to usage in most coins shown  below.

Finds .

Codrington published a single coins from D PE Peiries collection from Kantarodi as paragraph 15 in Ceylon-Coins and Currency . 1924

15. Obv : Mane-less lion, tail curved over back, standing to r. upon (.?) caitya. To right variation of symbol No.1 . All in Line circle.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to r; apparently traces of letters to r. Rectangular.
Size : 0.47 x 0.55 in. Weight : 25.6 gr. Thick. Pl. 11. From Kantarodai Pieris, XIV, 9.

Lion & swastika

Line drawing of Dr PE Peiris coin from Kantarodi

New Finds.Ms Chandirika Jayasinghe aticle New Investigatios on some unique type of inscribed coins- Island 9 March 1997 ,added 2 type/ Sizes of the Lion coin.Recent discoveries during the German excavations at Tissamaharama has added a heavy lion coin which is inscribed [R Walberg ].Many more has been found at Tissa , now with the collectors.

THE THREE OR MORE SIZES/TYPES

A.The first type is the heavy coin of about 10 Grams in weight. The dimension are not given.

B.The second type of coin is about 7 gm in weight and are inscribed is described by Codrington above. There are small variation in this size coins.The Caitiya and the inscribed letters may appear either on the obverse or reverse .

C.The third is a much Smaller coin[Ms. C. Jayasinghe] and is  not inscribed?.There are many variations in the symbols above lion and on either side of Railed swastika.
HEAVY LION & RAILED SWASTIKA

15 a.

Obv : Mane-less lion, tail curved over back, standing to r. upon (.?) caitya which is between its hind legs and front paws. The letters in early prakrit read from bottom ” Ma Ha Ra Ja Ti Sa Pu Ta sa puta …. . All in Line circle.This was read as Maharatipujasa etc by R.Walburg.

Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to r; Diamond shape.The Railed Swastika distinguishes this coin from other coins with similar obverse of the same period found in India, See Note
Size : ? mm. Weight :10.1 grams

THE NORMAL LION AND RAILED SWASTIKA- TWO variations.
THE LION VARIATION

The Caitiya is under the lion and inscribed around Railed Swastika ?.

15 b. Obv : Trace of front legs of lion or horse?,  standing to r. upon (.?) caitya. . part of Line circle to right below caitya.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to r; Circular. German Excavation from Aklurugoda, found in layer Dated to 1 Cent BC.
Size :9.5 mm. Weight :0.84 grams.[ R Walberg]  Perhaps a fractional piece.

15c[Variation] .The Inscription is on the reverse around the Railed Swastika.

A coin of Dr Kavan Ratnatunga which has only been lightly cleaned..
Obverse : Lion jumping to the right with arched back and front legs stretched forward. Three heaped caitya below. Parts of few Brahmi text characters visible
Reverse : Railed swastika revolving to right (clockwise) at center of coin. Brahmi text characters visible all around periphery
Size 16.4 mm
Thickness 3.5 mm
Weight 2.76 grams

15.d .Obv : lion, standing to right over caitya
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right .
Size : mm. Weight : gr.

15e. Obv : lion, standing to right over caitya. Traces of letters around lion.All in Line circle.triangular symbol on left.  Property of Mr C.Seenicotti
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right ; Ashaft to left.  Octagonal shape cut into 3/4 part.Size : 23 mm. Weight : 74 grains.

15 f.A coin found in the citadel of Anuradhapura, Wijebahu Palace during excavation by paleographically dated to 1-2 cent AD.Published by Ms C .Jayasinghe The Island -9 Mar 1997.

Obv : A lion, with tail curved over back, standing to r. upon a three arched caitya. The letters in early prakrit read from bottom ” va …va ..ya Ra Ja Pu Ta se Na..” . All in Line circle.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right in centre with two triangulkar headed symbols .
Size= 20.04 mm; Weight 6.79 Grams: thickness=3 mm

No Weight-grams Size mm Obverse Legend in Brahmi .. Railed Swatika
E1 6.77 25 x 19 YES .. Yes
E2 3 18 YES .. Yes
E3 4.06 22 YES .. Yes
E4 6.28 22 YES .. Yes
E5 3.30 21 x 12 YES .. Yes
E6 304 18 YES .. Yes
E9 7.78 26 X 25 YES .. Yes

15.f. Table of  Coins of Wing Comd, Raja Wickremasinghe .Published in RUHUNU- AN ANCIENT CIVILIZATION RE-VISITED.
The inscription around Lion on obverse ?.

15 h[Variation] .

Mr OMR Sirisena Coin

Obv : lion, standing to r. Traces of letters around lion.All in Line circle.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right over caitya; . Rectangular.
Size : mm. Weight : gr.

15.h.a A coin of Brig B Munasinghe from Akurugoda.Octagonal shape cut as in Mr Seenicuttis coins.

THE SMALLER DENOMINATION.

THE SMALLER DENOMINATION

15 i.A coin of MrKNV Seyone from Kantarodi Jaffna.Published by Ms C .Jayasinghe The Island -9 Mar 1997.

Obv : lion, standing to r. To right a tringular headed symbol.Above lion a caitiya.All in linear frame.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving right.
Size :10 x 13 mm. Weight : 25.06 grains.

15.j-[Variation]

German Excavation- Akurugoda

. Obv : lion, standing to r. The Nandapadi and swastika over lion. Traces of Line circle.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right over caitya; . Rectangular.
Size : 15 mm. Weight :1.67 gr.[ R Walberg]

Small Lion abd Railed Swastika. 2 symbols over Lion

15 j. Coin of Raja Wickremasinghe- From Anuradhapura.
Obv : lion, standing to r. Traces of letters around lion.All in Line circle.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right
Size : 13mm. Weight :0.83 grams.

15 k.Other smaller denomination published by Bopearachchi & Wickremasinghe.

Obv : lion, standing to r. The Nandapadi and Swastika over lion.
Rev.: Railed swastika revolving to right.
Size : mm. Weight :

gr.
4:13 PM 3/26/2010

No Weight-grams Size mm .. Reverse symbol
E7 1.35 12 .. YES
E8 0.56 10 x 7 .. YES

THE SYMBOLS.

The significance of the Lion – why on coins of the Sinhalese ?

The Significance of the Railed Swastika?

The Significance of the Caitiya?

The Significance of the Standard?.

2 thoughts on “LION AND RAILED SWASTIKA COINS

  1. maa laga iparani kaasi kipayak thibe mata ewa pilibadawa wisthara dan ganimata kamathi.ekata mata udaw karanna 0783244996

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