SITULPAVU INSCRIPTION NO 1

SITULPAVU INSCRIPTION NO 1.

The Inscription is in two parts, The first part is to left and second  part is on the right. It is a deed enacted on stone at the foot of the rock  on which  the Dagabos are built and to the  left of the stone  Stairway leading up the rock. It is easily viewed and the symbols are very clear. I hope the visitors to this site enjoy discovering the ancient numerals of their ancestors.

Each block of land is identified by name, it locations OR VILLAGE OR TOWN NAME, the tank or the  anicuit irrigating the the field is also given in addition to the kirihi or extent of land or the produces.

TEXT A- left

Line 1      Success: Devanampiyatisa maharaja marumaka Kakavan Tisa

2.        maramuka Naka……           Tisa Maharaja……….                                       .Maharaja

3.             ka ta ………….ga…………..a field of four  kariha.

4.             ………………………………………four karaha

5              hi………………..tala……… Field of Datagama[  A village]….

6.             ka ra na ……..KA 50………….ma vaha….

7.             ……………..KA 30…………land cultivated in two seasons from

8.         which water was received ……….ga am hi…. land of which the water rate is received for

9.             any crop that is cultivated  KA…………….ga ma hi ……… land of which the water rate is

10            for any crop that is cultivated KA..a sa ha ni…..na karana…..da a

11.           …………land of which the water rate is received for any crop that is cultivated KA

12.           ka land of which the water rate is received for any crop that is cultivated KA 50

13.           ka..  the land for which the receiving of water is at one harvest…………….

14            the land for which the receiving of … KA ?

15.naka bumi…….KA 60  a field named Valakalaha  the land for which the receiving of water-rates is at one harvest KA 1000 KA 70 [ ?]

TEXT B -Right

Line 1      …………..Ga ma . land cultivated in two seasons from which

  1. water was received. KA 70. which is been irrigated an natural lake named Raka-vila
  2. in the vicinity of Village named Majimagama  the land for which the receiving
  3. of water-rates  is at one harvest KA 400 been irrigated an natural lake named Raka-vila
  4. in the vicinity of Kanikarapali. the land for which the receiving of water rates is at one harvest KA 300
  5. …………………..A field named Culapulahakula keta  the land for which the receiving of water-
  6. rates is at one harvest   KA 200 In the vicinity of Kanikarapali Village
  7. Ka A field named Mahapulahakula the land for which the receiving of water-rates is at one
  8. harvest  KA300  in the vicinity of Kabab Canal[ Ale-Ali]  a field named Vilaketa  .. a land
  9. cultivated in two seasons from which water was received KA 200KA 50  land of which the water rate is received for
  10. any crop that is cultivated  KA1000KA100KA50….Badavila[ Lake]  the land for which the
  11. receiving of water-rates  is at Two harvests In the vicinity of Siva-nagara[ City] Land extent KA100 Siva
  12. Nagara vicinity this land at the land for which the receiving of water-rates is at one harvest
  13. ………     The land granted by King Naga all totals up to KA 1000  1000  1000 1000KA 700
  14.                                                                                                       …..KA KA 70

Dr Paranavitane interpretation from Inscriptions of Ceylon Volume II,

Needs re-checking and please add comments so that it could be improved.

The  names of land donated to the Buddhist temple , the places name of Village or town where it is located, the waterways, small tanks,  etc irrigating the said land and the extent or the potential corp  of the said land are all mentioned in above inscription. The Total land or Crop in Karihas are given at the end. There are few lands that the extent or crop is illegible due to the deterioration of the script on the inscription. The sum total is summed up below. The Sinhala numbers  when accounting for the cubic measures of a karisa is written with the Symbol for karisa giving the Thousand value first, followed by the Hundreds units and then the Tens. The values seems to have worked out to the closest ten units as no numeral below 9 is used. There is some doubt to the figures of line 14 in second part of Inscription,where 1150 is shown , but in the Hundreds component, there seems to be the a symbol which looks very much like the Sinhala Numeral 10.

Situlpavu Inscription

The King Illanaga reined for 10 years, he reigned for one year and disposed by the Lambakannas and after three year  was back on the throne and  ruled for 6 years. This inscription is of interest because of it Numerals.

The Sinhala Numeral  for 30 is found here ,it is unique. The total at the end the Inscription is shown with four different  numerals for 1000 placed in line,as translated by Dr Paranavitane as

                    The land granted by King Naga all totals up to KA 1000  1000  1000 1000KA 700        KA 70.

 

But if you add up the amount of paddy yield expected in Karisa Measures , minus those figures given in Line 9,10 and 11 on the first part Inscription which is worn off , the total comes up to 4330. This is the closest example of how the Sinhalese wrote their numbers and was perhaps used as mean of taxes or donation to the temple.

This method of using 4 numerals of the numeral thousand later  developed later in Vilavila Inscription [ please click on blue to go to link] by writing the Numeral 1000 followed by the Numeral 4.

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6 thoughts on “SITULPAVU INSCRIPTION NO 1

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