BOOK OF MERITORIOUS DEEDS- READ OUT ALOUD AT THE DEATH BED OF KING DUTUGEMUNU[101-77 BC.]
“ King Dutugemunu bestowed on the sick at eighteen places, the remedies for the sick and food as ordered by the Physicians”
4th Cent AD Text – Mahavansa Ch XXXII verse 38.
EARLY HOSPITAL AT TISSAMAHARAMA.
A building or hut of wooden posts with a tiled roof excavated during the German Excavation Team of H.J Weisshar, contained the striking feature of a hospital a big though, where patient took a medical bath of herbal oils. This through or Basin , an oval structure built of stone with an inner pavement of stone seal with clay was 1 m wide and 2.3 m long, some parts of outer surface was concealed with vertical tiles. This structure may very well be the fore-runner of the solid medical tubs discovered at various hospital site in Sri Lanka.
A toilet area was discovered between the Hut and the Tissa lake at a distance of 10 m. This was built of a line of bricks which probably served as a hold of a wooden floor. Underneath the floor are Filter Pots of Urinals, surrounding a central area. The filter consists of at least two vessels, one pot riding on top of the other. These filters was of sand and the bottom purposefully broken off and some vessels turned upside down.One filter is filled with sand and the other filled with lime taken from Coral. The whole feature, the central shift and the filters are greenish dis-colour by the waste water. These were well preserved and have been rebuilt several times.
The whole area is almost entirely filled with flat dishes and water pots. The other requisites of ancient hospital such as grinding stones too were found in the location. This hospital is early archeological proof to the long medical tradition on the Island.- From / HJ Weishaar and W Wijepala