A PEACE TREATY ON A ROCK INSCRIPTION-12 CENT AD

A Copy of the Great Chronicle or MAHAWANSA of the original written in the 4 Cent AD now stored in a temple at Matara.

THE STONE TABLET .

The history of the Island of Sri Lanka  is written down on Talipot leaf manuscripts and is called the Mahavamsa[ Great Chronicle -old copies of this manuscript has been discovered in Tibet, Cambodia etc]has 37 chapters recording events from 500 BC to 5 Cent AD.The Culavamsa the most recent part of Mahavamsa in  chapter LXXI verse 2 – records an incident of the 12 Cent AD. The Island was divided into three parts and were ruled by King Parakrama, King Gajabahu and Manabharana. Many wars between these kings is described in the Chronicles. One such instance mentions a Peace treaty between two of them.

“The Ruler Gajabahu betook himself to Gangatataka made it his residence and dwelt there happily. But the monarch Manabharana sent gifts to him in order to remain allied with him after the  conclusion of a treaty with him. But the ruler of men Gajabahu who desired no treaty with him[ Manabhrana], betook himself to the vihare by the name of Mandalagiri[identified by  Wilham Gieger as Medirigiriya North East of Minneriya Tank]  ] . Here he had the words ” I have made over  Raja-ratte to King Parakkama graven on stone tablet, returned then  to Gangatatka and died during  his sojourn there…’

This stone tablet at Maderigiri is not yet discovered, but there is a stone inscription in Kurunegala district where King Parakrama reigned,his fortress walls are still to be seen in a coconut estate. The treaty between him and Gajabahu is below.

THE SANGAMUWA INSCRIPTION.

“We are two brothers in law, Gajabahu and Parakramabahu to whom truth is a treasure. According to the treaty we have entered into, we shall not, till the end of our lives wage war against each other. Of the one who will be the first to pass away……………possession of the one who will survive………………if there be any king who are enemies of the two of us, they are enemies to both of us “.

The inscription containing the Treaty was found in the on temple grounds of Sangamu Vihara, close to Malsiripura on the Kurunegala -Dambulla road. This is what the inscription says.

“May their be-good-will.- We who are the descendents of the , line of  Srimath Sammatha, who value truth above all. . . “

 It continues in this manner.

“According to the agreement we have reached here, both of us , shall never fight, as long as we live. The Kingdom  of one who dies first shall go to the surviving Prince. If there happens to be a King who opposes this and tries to win the country by  working against either of us, he  becomes the common enemy of both of us.”

“If we go against this treaty, we are deemed to have violated the law of the Triple Gem. We shall suffer the evils of hell”.

The treaty  concluded in a special manner

 “The two of us who treasure the well-being of the others, have fully agreed to the terms of this treaty. Let the world protect this treaty, as long as the sun and moon shine’”.

According to the Chronicals , King Gajabahu lived his later period  at Kantale or Gantalawa , The remains of Gajabahu II Palace at Gantalawa[ now known as Kantalai] ahs been identified by historians. A moonstone at it entrance show two elephants with interlocking trunks on a Lotus, with a borders of a Liyawela [ a Creeper]  , a flock of Swans and 20 lotus petals. This is flanked by two Pots of Plenty. The two Elephants [ Gaja] with crossed trunks depict the name of the King  Gajabahu. This is now believed to be the Royal Emblem of this king.

The Palace of King Parakramabahu as seen now at Polonnaruwa is shown below

Information on the  Sinhala script please click  Contents 5.

The coins of King Parakramabhu who united the whole country after the death of Gajabahu is published in coins of Pollonnaruva Kings and  King Parakramabahu.

13 thoughts on “A PEACE TREATY ON A ROCK INSCRIPTION-12 CENT AD

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