HISTORY OF KONDUVATUVAN ARMY CAMP

nscription 3

 

 There is an Rock Inscriptions inside the Konduvattuvan Army Camp which describes the  history of the area. The Rock Inscription is of the period of the Tenth year of the reign of King Dapula IV [923-935 AD],  that is the year 933 AD which, is over 1000 years ago.The first part gives the Kings Dapulla’s Lineage, his ancestry tracing him back to the Okkaka dynasty and gives his  mother queen is of kastriya Warrior caste,his duties for the protection of his people and his personal and religious qualities.

The object of the record was to register certain immunities granted by the King,  to his Commander in Chief named Senevirad Dandanayaka Sangva Rakus,[ see side B line 11,12 and 13 of Inscription] it also contains regulations concerning the revenue and judicial administration of the Village named Aragama in the Digamadulla District, perhaps close to the present tank in the area of the camp. The Mahavansa chapter 53 verse 11 ,refers to the Commander in Chief of King Dapulla IV  as Senapati Rakkha Ilanga, who is said to have built the a dwelling house close to Tuparama ,Anuradhapura, Historians have identified Seapati Rakkha Ilanga as Sebevirad Dandanayaka Sangva Rakus mentioned in the Inscription.

The Commander enjoyed the revenue perhaps as part of his pay. No mention is made of the pay of Commanders of the Army is ancient times, but a clue is provided in the Arthsastra where its states that he received around 48,000 Silver kahapanas per year, while an ordinary soldier received around five hundred per year[ Lowest pay was 60 Kahapanas per year]. During this period of King Dappula IV , the money in circulation  was Gold Kalandas[ Ran Kalan]. These Rans was perhaps equivalent of 20 Silver Pieces, hence if the Commander of the Sinhala Army received a pay , any where close to  the Indian standard laid down in Arthasastra, then Senapati Rakus  would have received 2400 Ran Kalans per year or 200 per month. Perhaps the revenue of the  village which is perhaps in the vicinity of the the present Koduvatuvana Camp was given as his pay or part of it.??and the  way how he should administer it while enjoying the benefits.The Inscription mentions a Secretariat of the Commander in Chief, perhaps for the management of estates given in lieu of pay. As you read through the through the inscriptions it mentions fines for assault etc and that has to be paid by the villagers of Aragama in Kalandas of Gold and in AKA OF GOLD.

The Ran kalans are found in many varieties, over 30 has been recorded, the half’s Kalans, the quarters and the eights[ Aka of Gold] of many of these varieties has also been published and in the hands of collectors. I have seen many of these  in jewellery shops at Amparai during the 1970’s.Read sirimunasiha.wordpress.com.gold coins type II, which shows a small part of a hoard of coins.

The rich Sinhala Poetic literature of the 10 Cent is embedded in this inscription and the similes used can be appreciated. This is addition to the Economic history of the period and the Fines and judicial customs can be deduced from this inscription.To quote from the CFC manual

Poetic value and rich sinhala litreture

sinhala

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In English

 

English 2

Transalation1

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