COPPER PUNCH MARKED COINS FOUND IN SRI LANKA

Kalinga Copper Coins These has been found in Bihar according to John Allen as shown under.This was the region from where the descendents of the Sakyan family of the Buddha. In fact Baddhakacchana who married one of the early King  after Vijeya Puduvasdeva, was of this family according to Mahavansa.She sailed to Trincomalee assisted by the Monsoon wind, From June to September the summer monsoons blow from the southwest, from Ceylon towards Kalinga. From December to early March, the retreating monsoons blow in the reverse direction

These facts need be studied with coins find of the period. This coin has been found in Kalinga too.Kalinga had strong ties with Simhala (Sri Lanka). Some scholars say that the first king of Simhala, Vijaya, came from Simhapura in eastern India, the capital of Kalinga, and that his grandmother was the daughter of the king of Kalinga. The emperor Ashoka sent his son to Ceylon to establish Buddhism, and later sent his daughter Sanghamitra to organise the nuns. The Samantapasadika says that she was accompanied by eight families from Kalinga.

EARLIEST KINGS OF SRILANKA

 

Much later the Dathavamsa talks of the friendship between king Guhasiva of Kalinga and king Mahasena of Ceylon (277 – 304 AD). It also talks of the king of Kalinga giving the tooth relic of Gautama Buddha as a dowry to Dantakumara on his marriage to the kings daughter. Dantakumara took the relic to Ceylon where it was enshrined in a stupa.

The Marks or Symbol punched on the coins were used extensively of later coins of local origin. Is there any links. In fact this coin was found the despoiled remnants of the Mahanaga Vihare at Tissamaharama. Henry Parker published  this in Ancient Ceylo. This dagabo was built during the period of Devenampiyatissa about 250 BC.

Punch Marked Coins of copper is a coin which is hardly ever mentioned at discussion in the Numismatist society. Yet a few marks can yet be discerned on the copper pieces that are found in the Island.Similar Copper punched marked coins are found in India, they were published by John Allen, this is given below

The  coins published by J. Allen shown above are almost in mint conditions.

COPPER PMC’S FOUND IN SRI lANKA

Many stray finds of perhaps dropped  copper pieces were dug up by gem miners with in the fortress of Mahagama Tissamaharama. They are in poor conditions , yet few marks can be discerned when comparing with those published by J. Allen.The reverse or obverse of these coins has several distinct marks, some of these are seen on coins found at ancient Mahagama Fortress. What was the connections between this ancient city and that of the ancient state of Maghada if John Allen  provenaance is correct?.

Only the difference in symbols between that on silver plated PMC’s and the Copper PMC’s published by J Allen  can these be identified and established as copper PMC’s.

Few of these are published below for examinations for above verification.-

 No 1  Weight 1.9 grams 

No2 – Weight 1.9 grams

No 3 Weight 2.3 grams

No4 Weight 2.8 grams

No 5 Weight 2.2 grams

The symbols shown above is an elaborate form of a Swastika , a Chank and the mountain symbol, these were used extensively of Sri Lankan copper coins.

No 6  – Weight =1.8 grams

No7   –  Weight 2.3 grams

Here the Lotus symbol is very clearly seen and very similar to the lotus of coins found in the coins found at Maghada.

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