BUDDHA FIRST VISIT TO SRI LANKA.

A VISIT TO CONQUER THE FEARS OF YAKSHAS.

The Ancient text of Sri Lanka, the Mahavansa and Dipavansa describes three visits on the Buddha to the Island. It gives the month and year in relation  to the day of enlightenment of the Buddha under the Bodhi Tree. It describes the details of the first visit for the purpose of destroying the fear, amoung the Yakshas and it was 9 months of attaining enlightenment in the dark half of the month of Citta[ April]. It also mentions the place of visit Mahiyangaana and that he brought Darkness and the full moon. An astrophysicist working on the word he brought Darkness on a full moon day which can mean perhaps a Luner eclipse, He checked out the Lunar eclipses that occurred during the suspected years during the life of the Buddha.

“The Buddha’s earlier visit to Mahiyangana says Full Moon, so if the Darkness mentioned there is astronomical, it must be a Total Lunar Eclipse. HowevTer Total Lunar Eclipses are not that rare, since each is visible to half of the Earth where the Moon is above the horizon at that time. There were 64 in the century from 500 to 401 BCE. See: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/LEcat5/LE-0499–0400.html Only

The earlier visit to Mahiyangana says Full Moon, so if the Darkness mentioned there is astronomical, it must be a Total Lunar Eclipse. However Total Lunar Eclipses are not that rare, since each is visible to half of the Earth where the Moon is above the horizon at that time. There were 64 in the century from 500 to 401 BCE. See: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/LEcat5/LE-0499–0400.html Only 8 of them in Dec-Jan to match month Phussa of which only 4 were visible over Lanka. However one of these on 31 Jan 486 BCE is 4 to 5 years before the Nagadipa event, to match the visit to Mahiyangana as mentioned in the Mahavamsa”Mahiyangana.

 Read Buddha second visit.Nagadipa

The purpose of the second visit was to settle a dispute over a throne, he stepped in to bring a truce amoung the two fighting fractions of two Naga Kings.

The  Astrophysicist Dr Kavan Ratnatunga ,who checked for occurrences of Solar eclipses [which are rare] during the period of Buddha ,whose narrow central track over Nagadipa and  found one  on 19 April[ month of Citta] 481 BCE [Published by NASA]. Then he checked for lunar eclipses as the Full Moon is mentioned in the Dipavansa on his first visit to Mahiyanganaya in the month of Phussa. There were 64 in the century from 500 to 401 BCE. See: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/LEcat5/LE-0499–0400.html. He found  that a lunar eclipse had occurred over  Mahiyangana 31 Jan [ Month of Phussa ] 486 BCE is 4 to 5 years before the Nagadipa event, to match the visit to as mentioned in the Mahavamsa.

So the probability that the combination of both a Solar Eclipse and a Lunar Eclipse as maybe described in the Mahavamsa, is a random alignment, is about one in 360. i.e. as unlikely as guessing someone’s B’day correctly with no prior knowledge. So if the assumptions are True, then the year of Buddha’s Mahaparinibbana at age 80, is 441 BCE, which was 45 years after his enlightenment at age 35.

The importance of this date is the coming of the Sinhalese or that of Vijaya to Sri Lanka. The history starts with this date, which the start of era , that gives the chronology of our Kings. Of course the historian has tried to compare this with AD and made a mess of it.

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