COINS OF KUSHANS FOUND IN SRI LANKA.


KUSHAN COIN

Kushan on Wekipedia.

The Kushan Empire originally formed in the early 1st century AD under Kujula Kadphises in the territories of ancient Bactria on either side of the middle course of the Oxus (or Amu Darya), and later based in eastern and central Afghanistan and the northwest of Indian Subcontinent.[3]

During the 1st and early 2nd centuries AD the Kushans expanded rapidly across the northern part of the Indian Subcontinent at least as far as Saketa and Sarnath near Varanasi (Benares) where inscriptions have been found dated to the first few years of era of the most famous Kushan ruler, Kanishka which apparently began about 127 AD.[4][5][6]

The Kushan were a branch of the Yuezhi confederation.[7][8] Previously a nomadic people residing in eastern Central Asia, the Yuezhi moved southwest and settled in ancient Bactria.[8]

Vima Kadbises namecorrupted* (45-78 AD)  

Kanishka, Huveshka,Vasudeva ,Kanishka-2).

The Map from the web sites ruling dynasties in Sri Lanka and in India.

The map with Coin find locations in Sri Lanka , which was 20 days sailing distance fro the Port of Kushan Empire. The trade routes spred through the other dynasties to the South.

The Dominating Rulers during the period of Kushans in India in relationship to Kings of Sri Lanka

Former Kelaniya University historian’s  in a Sinhala newspaper states that Kanishka [78-110 AD ] obtained control of the Great Northern Trade Routes between China and Rome by defeating the Chinese army. Due to this the Chinese and Roman Traders had easy access to both India and Sri lanka. During this period the Roman and Chinese mariners/traders  exchanged goods in the free ports of Sri Lanka.

During this period Sri Lanka was ruled by King Wasaba[65-109 AD]. According to Prof Jayasena  the Chinese Chronicles mentions a trade agreement between China and King Wasaba who was known as ” Rajadhiraja Devaputra. This was in 97 AD . Even Kanishka too was addressed as Devaputra in the Chinese Chronicles. According to Mr OMR Sirisena  in “Kushana Golds in Sri Lanka”- Daily News  May 28 1997 . Kushqan were the four grest powers of the world  duirng the period along  with Rome, Persia and China. Kanishka was a great patron of Buddhism and conducted the fourth  great Buddhist Council. The  Saka Era in our astrology as 78 AD is belived to be the date of accession of this King. Mr Sirisena an expert on Gold Coins of Sri Lanka describes that according to the Rasavahini an ancient text of the Island a group of Buddhist monks from Sri Lanka had had visited places of interest assciated with Buddha and  visited Devaputra nagara , which is identified the Kushan Capital Purusapura.

Coin of Huvishka from the Web

Mr Sirisena states

” I had the rare opportunity to see a gold coin of Kushana dynasty which was found in the country lying between Okkampitiya and Maligawa, perhaps a flourishing region og ancient Ruhuna.. This was of Huvishka, the succssor of Kanishka. This coins ahs a  Badfrian inscriptuion  on the obverse written in Greek script Shahonanoshao Oohki Koshaano [ King of Kings Huvishka Kusana].

Many gold coins inluding those of the Kalandas of Gold has been found in this Gem rich region. The blue Shappires of Sri lanka was worth its value in gold.

Vallipuram Gold Plate.

Kushan coins found in Kantarodi  in the North of the Island by Mr PE Peiris. A  Minister appointed by King Wahaba ,named Isiriya governed this region according to the  Gold Plate found at Vallipuram.

King Wahaba grandson King Gajabahu I , donating the Custom duties  of the Port of Godawaya[ Godapavata], which was on the deep South Coast of the Island.

Success! The Customs duties of the port of Godapavata, King Gamani Abaya granted to the Vihare.

In 1924 HW Codrington published a coin of  Vasudeva Kushan, AD 185-220 AD.

Coin Finds in Sri Lanka

1.AE,  Type : Obv: King at alter

Rev: Siva and Bull- IMC., i. Plate XIII. 9- Three or four specimens brought from Colombo.

2.Under Kushan may be included a small circular coin found at Vallipuram:

Obv: Standing figure , in Kushan coat, in line circle.

Rev: Indistinct design, consisting of two thick parallel line, one of which is curved at one end.

AE     Daimeter ; 0.53 inches.      Weight : 62.9 grains.   Peries, XIV,  21.

Private Collection

Wing Comd Raja Wickremasinghe published many Kushan Coins in his book along with Osmund Bopearachchi.

Raja Wickremasinghe was a past President of the Numismatists Society and contributed much to Sri lankan Coin History.

3.

Kushan coins in my collection.

Some Coins at the Colombo Museum.

Azes II [35-25 BC]

b

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One thought on “COINS OF KUSHANS FOUND IN SRI LANKA.

  1. IT IS A PITY RAJA DOES NOT COME FOR OUR MEETINGS AND SHARE HIS KNOWLEDGE. WE SHOULD INVITE HIM TO DO A TALK

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