ANCIENT INSCRIPTIONS OF PANDUKABAYA AND MUTASIVA?


Gonavatte Inscription is in Gandahaya Korale of Patha Hevatta in Kandy District near 5 1/2 mile post on Kandy- Haguranketa Road. – Views of Rev Ellawala Metananda- 29 May 2000 &

Leelandra Amerasinghe SanasgamaRivira- 20 Jul 2008.

 

Transalation ‘The son of king Mahacudika was king Abhaya ; the son of king Abhaya was king Naga; the son of king Naga was king Abhaya. The cave named Mahasudassana, caused to be fashioned bv Gamani Tissa, the son of [that] king Abhaya, has been established for the Sangha of the four quarters past and present‘.

This inscription is of the oldest type script in which Sinhalese was written in the ancient period, and may be dated to the 2 CentBC. The Gamini Tissa is believed to be Kavantissa. Gamini was a title adopted by those who ruled the Southern region of Ruhuna, however this title was adopted by the same rulers rulers who later ruled atAnuradhapura. This inscription gives the ancestry of King Kakavantissa for five generations. His father is Abhaya[Jnr} was King Gotabhaya. Gotabhaya father was Naga, known as King Mahanaga. Mahanaga father is an Abaya{snr] , whose father was Mahacudika.

But according to Mahwansa and Dipawansa- King Mahanaga was one of the 10 brothers which included Devanampiyatisa and Uttiya who ruled at Anuradhapura. Mahanaga made hasty retreat to Ruhuna when Devanampiyatisa’s Queen attempted to Kill him[ Mahanaga] with poisoned Mango ,Her [ Queen’s]own son who was with Mahanaga ate the mango and died.[ Mahawansa ].

According to the Mahawansa, Dipawansa , the Rajavaliya states that YatalaTissa was the son of Mahanaga and was grand son of Gotabhaya. But the inscription at Deyangekema near Situlpavu confirms the relationship between Mahanaga and YatalaTissa..

Uparaja Mahanaka puta yatalaka tissa Maharagha.’

There is no inscription yet found that states the Gotabhaya was Yatala Tissa son.

Kusalakande inscription gives the relationship between Mahanaga, Gotabhaya and Kavantissa.

‘Upa ragha Naga pute ragha Abhaya nama tase puta Gamini Tisa nama sudasane sagasa….’

Gamini Tisa the son of King Abhaya the son of King Naga,,,,,,,,,,,,

Few historians now think that Gotabhaya and Yatala Tissa was brothers and sons of Mahanaga., they all reigned in Ruhuna. While Devanampitisa , Uttiya, ruled inAnuradhapura.

According to Chronicles Mahawansa King Devanampiyatisa, Uttiya and Mahanaga were the Ten Sons of Mutusiva. Rev Mettananda states that Mutisiva was known in Vamskatha as Dasbathika or Dasabhathuka.The evidence of this in stone is at Mottayakallu Stone inscription

Mottayakallu (Ref. A CA R. 1950, p. 28),

This inscription is of a Gamini Tissa who is the grandson [marumakanake] of king Naga[ Mahanaga] whose Grand-Father was Pasasadika Abaya, the father of 10 brother kings [Dasa-bhatika-rana].

(1) ~Dasa-bhatika-rana, [ ]vakas-naya Uparajha-Naga Uparajha-Nagaha marumakanake

maha-[pa]sadhikes Abhaya-rajhaha pute

(2) Gamani-Tisaha vihare

(3) agata-anagata-bhiku-sagasa Niyate

The monastery of Gamani Tissa, the grandson of Uparaja Naga, the ?vaka leader of the ten brother kings, and son of king Maha[pa]sadhika Abhaya, is dedicated to the Bhikkhu-Sangha,present and absent.’- S Paranavitane.

The father of these according to inscription above the father of Kings- Devanampiyatisa, Uttiya and Mahanaga is King Abaya. He is called Mutusiva in the Mahawansa. In Dipawansa Mutusiva and in Rajavaliya[ List of Kings] as Ganatissa .

King Abhaya father is King Mahakudika in Gonavatte Inscription and name in according to Mahawansa King Pandu- Abhaya and Dipawansa is King Pakundaka and Rajavaliya is Pandukabhaya.

So the Islands History can now be traced to Kings two generations earlier than King Devanampiyatissa from rock inscriptions. I personally feel that this rock inscription must be made a land mark for all Sri Lankan to visit and it is so close to Kandy.

Rev Ellawala Methananda states that the lady Chitra at Buddhangala Inscriptions reminds him of Ummaga- Chitra. the mother of King Pandukabaya.

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